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A refrigerated container or reefer is an intermodal container (shipping container) used in intermodal freight transport that is refrigerated for the transportation of temperature sensitive cargo.
While a reefer will have an integral refrigeration unit, they rely on external power, from electrical power points (“reefer points”) at a land based site, a container ship or on quay. When being transported over the road on a trailer or over rail wagon, they can be powered from diesel powered generators ("gen sets") which attach to the container whilst on road journeys. Refrigerated containers are capable of controlling temperature ranging from -30oC, -40oC, -65oC up to 30oC, 40oC.
Controlling the Temperature :
Many chilled cargoes (e.g. fruit) are regarded as a "live" cargo since they continue to respire post harvest and as such are susceptible to desiccation (wilting and shrivelling). This is not the case with commodities such as chilled meat or cheese. The minimum fruit carriage temperature is usually no lower than -1.1ºC (30ºF). Frozen cargo is regarded as "inert" and is normally carried at or below -18ºC (0ºF).
Ventilation : Forced circulation of cool air prevents chilled products from ripening too quickly , ensuring a longer shelf-life and maintaining the market value. In order to remove the unwanted gas and moisture generated by respiration (which can affect quality of the products), fresh air can be exchanged at the rate of 0 to 260 m3/hour, depending on the requirements and the kind of Reefer used.
Controlling Temperature :
Controlling Humidity :
Guiedlines : It is the shipper's responsibility to insure correct temperature setting of the containers. Temperature setting and post-harvest life are highly dependent on commodity packaging prior to stowage and pulp temperature during loading.
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Cargo Full Deatails :